What does SLUDGE SYNDROME stand for?
What does SLUDGE SYNDROME mean? This page is about the various possible meanings of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: SLUDGE SYNDROME.
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What does SLUDGE SYNDROME mean?
- SLUDGE syndrome
- SLUDGE is a mnemonic for the pathological effects indicative of massive discharge of the parasympathetic nervous system. Unlikely to occur naturally, SLUDGE is usually encountered only in cases of drug overdose, ingestion of certain poisonous mushrooms, or exposure to nerve gases. Nerve gases irreversibly inhibit the enzyme acetylcholinesterase; this results in a chronically high level of acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses throughout the body, thus chronically stimulating acetylcholine receptors throughout the body. The symptoms of "SLUDGE" are due to chronic stimulation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, in organs and muscles innervated by the parasympathetic nervous system. It is useful to remember some of the symptoms of increased cholinergic stimulation through the mnemonic SLUDGE: ⁕Salivation: stimulation of the salivary glands ⁕Lacrimation: stimulation of the lacrimal glands ⁕Urination: relaxation of the internal sphincter muscle of urethra, and contraction of the detrusor muscles ⁕Defecation: relaxation of the internal anal sphincter ⁕Gastrointestinal upset: Smooth muscle tone changes causing gastrointestinal problems, including diarrhea