What does BST mean in Laboratory?
This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand BST in the Medical field in general and in the Laboratory terminology in particular.
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What does BST mean?
- Bovine somatotropin
- Bovine somatotropin or bovine somatotrophin, or BGH, is a peptide hormone produced by cows' pituitary gland. Like other hormones, it is produced in small quantities and is used in regulating metabolic processes. After the biotech company Genentech discovered and patented the gene for BST in the 1970s, it became possible to synthesize the hormone using recombinant DNA technology to create recombinant bovine somatotropin, recombinant bovine growth hormone, or artificial growth hormone. Four large pharmaceutical companies, Monsanto, American Cyanamid, Eli Lilly, and Upjohn, developed commercial rBST products and submitted them to the US Food and Drug Administration for approval. Monsanto was the first firm to receive approval. Other countries also approved rBST for commercial use. Monsanto licensed Genentech's patent, and marketed their product as "Posilac". In October 2008, Monsanto sold this business, in full, to Eli Lilly and Company for $300 million plus additional consideration. rBST has not been allowed on the market in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Israel and all European Union countries, by 2000 or earlier.