What does HTTPS mean in Internet?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand HTTPS in the field in general and in the Internet terminology in particular.

Hypertext transfer protocol over secure socket layer



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What does HTTPS mean?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure is a communications protocol for secure communication over a computer network, with especially wide deployment on the Internet. Technically, it is not a protocol in and of itself; rather, it is the result of simply layering the Hypertext Transfer Protocol on top of the SSL/TLS protocol, thus adding the security capabilities of SSL/TLS to standard HTTP communications. In its popular deployment on the internet, HTTPS provides authentication of the web site and associated web server that one is communicating with, which protects against man-in-the-middle attacks. Additionally, it provides bidirectional encryption of communications between a client and server, which protects against eavesdropping and tampering with and/or forging the contents of the communication. In practice, this provides a reasonable guarantee that one is communicating with precisely the web site that one intended to communicate with, as well as ensuring that the contents of communications between the user and site cannot be read or forged by any third party. Historically, HTTPS connections were primarily used for payment transactions on the World Wide Web, e-mail and for sensitive transactions in corporate information systems. In the late 2000s and early 2010s, HTTPS began to see widespread use for protecting page authenticity on all types of websites, securing accounts and keeping user communications, identity and web browsing private.

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"HTTPS." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 27 Nov. 2015. <http://www.abbreviations.com/term/1435788>.