What does DIC mean in Academic & Science?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand DIC in the field in general and in the Academic & Science terminology in particular.

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

Academic & Science


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What does DIC mean?

Disseminated intravascular coagulation
Disseminated intravascular coagulation, also known as disseminated intravascular coagulopathy or less commonly as consumptive coagulopathy, is a pathological activation of coagulation mechanisms that happens in response to a variety of diseases. DIC leads to the formation of small blood clots inside the blood vessels throughout the body. As the small clots consume coagulation proteins and platelets, normal coagulation is disrupted and abnormal bleeding occurs from the skin, the gastrointestinal tract, the respiratory tract and surgical wounds. The small clots also disrupt normal blood flow to organs, which may malfunction as a result. DIC can occur acutely but also on a slower, chronic basis, depending on the underlying problem. It is common in the critically ill, and may participate in the development of multiple organ failure, which may lead to death.

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"DIC." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 24 Oct. 2017. <http://www.abbreviations.com/term/1442717>.