What does ASIC mean in Networking?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand ASIC in the Computing field in general and in the Networking terminology in particular.

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit

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What does ASIC mean?

Application-specific integrated circuit
An application-specific integrated circuit, or ASIC, is an integrated circuit customized for a particular use, rather than intended for general-purpose use. For example, a chip designed to run in a digital voice recorder is an ASIC. Application-specific standard products are intermediate between ASICs and industry standard integrated circuits like the 7400 or the 4000 series. As feature sizes have shrunk and design tools improved over the years, the maximum complexity possible in an ASIC has grown from 5,000 gates to over 100 million. Modern ASICs often include entire microprocessors, memory blocks including ROM, RAM, EEPROM, Flash and other large building blocks. Such an ASIC is often termed a SoC. Designers of digital ASICs use a hardware description language, such as Verilog or VHDL, to describe the functionality of ASICs. Field-programmable gate arrays are the modern-day technology for building a breadboard or prototype from standard parts; programmable logic blocks and programmable interconnects allow the same FPGA to be used in many different applications. For smaller designs and/or lower production volumes, FPGAs may be more cost effective than an ASIC design even in production. The non-recurring engineering cost of an ASIC can run into the millions of dollars.

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"ASIC." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. <http://www.abbreviations.com/term/36713>.