What does BGP mean in Networking?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand BGP in the Computing field in general and in the Networking terminology in particular.

Border Gateway Protocol

Computing » Networking


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What does BGP mean?

Border Gateway Protocol
Border Gateway Protocol is the protocol which is used to make core routing decisions on the Internet; it involves a table of IP networks or "prefixes" which designate network reachability among autonomous systems. BGP is a path vector protocol or a variant of a Distance-vector routing protocol. BGP does not involve traditional Interior Gateway Protocol metrics, but routing decisions are made based on path, network policies and/or rule-sets. For this reason, it is more appropriately termed a reachability protocol rather than routing protocol. BGP was created to replace the Exterior Gateway Protocol to allow fully decentralized routing in order to transition from the core ARPAnet model to a decentralized system that included the NSFNET backbone and its associated regional networks. This allowed the Internet to become a truly decentralized system. Since 1994, version four of the BGP has been in use on the Internet. All previous versions are now obsolete. The major enhancement in version 4 was support of Classless Inter-Domain Routing and use of route aggregation to decrease the size of routings. Since January 2006, version 4 is codified in RFC 4271, which went through more than 20 drafts based on the earlier RFC 1771 version 4. RFC 4271 version corrected a number of errors, clarified ambiguities and brought the RFC much closer to industry practices.

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"BGP." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 21 Jan. 2017. <http://www.abbreviations.com/term/36726>.