What does LOFAR mean in Astronomy?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand LOFAR in the Academic & Science field in general and in the Astronomy terminology in particular.

Low-Frequency Array

Academic & Science » Astronomy

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Definition

What does LOFAR mean?

LOFAR
The Low-Frequency Array or LOFAR, is a large radio telescope network located mainly in the Netherlands, completed in 2012 by ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy and its international partners, and operated by ASTRON's radio observatory, of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. LOFAR consists of a vast array of omnidirectional antennas using a new concept in which the signals from the separate antennas are not combined in real time as they are in most array antennas. The electronic signals from the antennas are digitized, transported to a central digital processor, and combined in software to emulate a conventional antenna. The project is based on an interferometric array of radio telescopes using about 20,000 small antennas concentrated in at least 48 stations. Forty of these stations are distributed across the Netherlands and were funded by ASTRON. The five stations in Germany, and one each in Great Britain, France, Sweden and Ireland, were funded by these countries. Further stations may also be built in other European countries. The total effective collecting area is approximately 300,000 square meters, depending on frequency and antenna configuration. The data processing is performed by a Blue Gene/P supercomputer situated in the Netherlands at the University of Groningen. LOFAR is also a technology precursor for the Square Kilometre Array.

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"LOFAR." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 23 Oct. 2020. <https://www.abbreviations.com/term/1615326>.

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