What does EFA mean in Aircraft & Aviation?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand EFA in the Miscellaneous field in general and in the Aircraft & Aviation terminology in particular.

English Field Aviation

Miscellaneous » Aircraft & Aviation

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Definition

What does EFA mean?

EFA
The EFA or Engin de Franchissement de l'Avant is a field-deployable river crossing apparatus, used by combat engineers in the French Army. It may either be used as a bridge, or as a ferry. The crew consists of four people: 1 head gear 1 driver 1 pilot 1 crewman The EFA is the heir of the first self-propelled bridging vehicle invented in 1955 by the French military engineer and general Gillois Jean. Tray Gillois entered service with the French army in 1965. A version modified by EWK was successively adopted by the American, British and German militaries. At the time of its introduction it was able to carry vehicles up to a maximum weight of 25 tons, the current version supports loads of about 50 tons. It takes between 45 and 65 minutes to form a bridge 100 meters long. Tray Gillois avoids the heavy and bulky convoys, barges brought in by road, which are sensitive to enemy attacks. It takes about half a day to create a 100 metre deck.

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"EFA." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 21 Oct. 2019. <https://www.abbreviations.com/term/1883401>.

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