What does I & OP mean in Psychology?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand I & OP in the Academic & Science field in general and in the Psychology terminology in particular.

Industrial And Organizational Psychology

Academic & Science » Psychology

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What does I & OP mean?

Industrial and organizational psychology
Industrial and organizational psychology (I-O psychology) is the science of human behavior in the workplace. It is an applied discipline within psychology. Depending on the country or region of the world, I-O psychology is also known as occupational psychology in the United Kingdom, organisational psychology in Australia and New Zealand, and work and organizational (WO) psychology throughout Europe and Brazil. Industrial, work, and organizational (IWO) psychology is the broader, more global term for the science and profession.I-O psychologists are trained in the scientist–practitioner model. As an applied field, the discipline involves both research and practice and I-O psychologists apply psychological theories and principles to organizations and the individuals within them. They contribute to an organization's success by improving the job performance, wellbeing, motivation, job satisfaction and the health and safety of employees.An I-O psychologist conducts research on employee behaviors and attitudes, and how these can be improved through recruitment processes, training programs, feedback, and management systems. I-O psychology research and practice also includes the work–nonwork interface such as selecting and transitioning into a new career, retirement, and work-family conflict and balance.I-O psychology is one of the 17 recognized professional specialties by the American Psychological Association (APA). In the United States the profession is represented by Division 14 of the APA and is formally known as the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). Similar I-O psychology societies can be found in many countries. In 2009 The Alliance for Organizational psychology was formed and is a federation of Work, Industrial, & Organizational Psychology societies and "network partners" from around the world. The Declaration of Identify for the Alliance "aims to create a foundation of who Industrial, Work, and Organizational Psychologists (IWOPS) are, who their stakeholders and clients are, and what they can contribute to organizations to ensure high performing and healthy workers."

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