What does ACL mean in Physiology?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand ACL in the Medical field in general and in the Physiology terminology in particular.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a cruciate ligament which is one of the four major ligaments of the human knee. In the quadruped stifle (analogous to the knee), based on its anatomical position, it is also referred to as the cranial cruciate ligament

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Definition

What does ACL mean?

Anterior cruciate ligament
The anterior cruciate ligament is a cruciate ligament which is one of the four major ligaments of the human knee. In the quadruped stifle, based on its anatomical position, it is also referred to as the cranial cruciate ligament. The ACL originates from deep within the notch of the distal femur. Its proximal fibers fan out along the medial wall of the lateral femoral condyle. There are two bundles of the ACL—the anteromedial and the posterolateral, named according to where the bundles insert into the tibial plateau. The ACL attaches in front of the intercondyloid eminence of the tibia, being blended with the anterior horn of the medial meniscus. These attachments allow it to resist anterior translation and medial rotation of the tibia, in relation to the femur. Tearing the anterior cruciate ligament can sometimes be part of a knee injury known as “the terrible triad”. This consists of the simultaneous tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, and medial meniscus.

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"ACL." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 3 Dec. 2020. <https://www.abbreviations.com/term/60260>.

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