What does ECB mean in Botany?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand ECB in the Academic & Science field in general and in the Botany terminology in particular.

European Corn Borer

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What does ECB mean?

European Corn Borer
The European corn worm or European corn borer, also known as the European high-flyer, is a pest of grain, particularly maize. The insect is native to Europe, originally infesting varieties of millet, including broom corn. The European corn borer was first reported in North America in 1917 in Massachusetts, but was probably introduced from Europe several years earlier. Since its initial discovery in the Americas, the insect has spread into Canada and westward across the United States to the Rocky Mountains. Recently, Patrice Leraut has claimed that the true Corn Borer belongs to a still undescribed species he named Ostrinia maysalis in 2012. It differs from the true Ostrinia nubilalis by some molecular and morphological characteristics. Also, the food plant of the true Ostrinia nubilalis is the common Mugwort. European corn borer caterpillars damage the ears of corn, as well as the stalks, by chewing tunnels, which cause the plants to fall over. Biological control agents of corn borers include the hymenopteran parasitoid Trichogramma spp., the fungus Beauveria bassiana and the protozoa Nosema pyrausta. Bt corn, a variety of transgenic maize, has had its genome modified to include a gene from the Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki. As a result, the corn variety produces a toxin which affects the corn borer. As critics have pointed out, beneficial predatory insects may be affected, as well, though further study is needed.

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