What does APH mean in British Medicine?

This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand APH in the Medical field in general and in the British Medicine terminology in particular.

acid phosphatase

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What does APH mean?

Acid phosphatase
Acid phosphatase is a phosphatase, a type of enzyme, used to free attached phosphate groups from other molecules during digestion. It is basically a phosphomonoesterase. It is stored in lysosomes and functions when these fuse with endosomes, which are acidified while they function; therefore, it has an acid pH optimum. Different forms of acid phosphatase are found in different organs, and their serum levels are used to evaluate the success of the surgical treatment of prostate cancer. In the past, they were also used to diagnose this type of cancer. Acid phosphatase catalyzes the following reaction at an optimal pH below 7: Phosphatase enzymes are also used by soil microorganisms to access organically bound phosphate nutrients. An assay on the rates of activity of these enzymes may be used to ascertain biological demand for phosphates in the soil. Some plant roots, especially cluster roots, exude carboxylates that perform acid phosphatase activity, helping to mobilise phosphorus in nutrient-deficient soils.

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"APH." Abbreviations.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 23 May 2017. <http://www.abbreviations.com/term/1407160>.