What does RAPD stand for?

What does RAPD mean? This page is about the various possible meanings of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: RAPD.

We've found a total of 8 definitions for RAPD:

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RAPD

Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA

Medical » Human Genome

   
RAPD

Randomly Amplified Polymorphism DNA

Medical » Human Genome

   
RAPD

Rapid Application Protocol Driver

Computing » Networking

   
RAPD

Resource For Algorithm For Preprocessing The Database

Computing » Databases

   
RAPD

Random Amplified Polymporphic Dna

Miscellaneous » Unclassified

   
RAPD

Rkersrandom Amplified Polymorphic Dna

Miscellaneous » Unclassified

   
RAPD

Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect

Medical » Physiology

   
RAPD

Random Amplification Polymorphic Dna

Miscellaneous » Unclassified

   

What does RAPD mean?

RAPD
RAPD stands for random amplification of polymorphic DNA. It is a type of PCR reaction, but the segments of DNA that are amplified are random. The scientist performing RAPD creates several arbitrary, short primers, then proceeds with the PCR using a large template of genomic DNA, hoping that fragments will amplify. By resolving the resulting patterns, a semi-unique profile can be gleaned from a RAPD reaction. No knowledge of the DNA sequence for the targeted genome is required, as the primers will bind somewhere in the sequence, but it is not certain exactly where. This makes the method popular for comparing the DNA of biological systems that have not had the attention of the scientific community, or in a system in which relatively few DNA sequences are compared. Because it relies on a large, intact DNA template sequence, it has some limitations in the use of degraded DNA samples. Its resolving power is much lower than targeted, species specific DNA comparison methods, such as short tandem repeats. In recent years, RAPD has been used to characterize, and trace, the phylogeny of diverse plant and animal species.

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